Biomedicalization and Doctors of Korean Medicine
Doctors of Korean Medicine (DMD) are licensed physicians in South Korea who specialize in East Asian traditional medicine. They hold a primary care role in the healthcare system. Historically, they have held only limited public health and clinical roles, but in recent years, their role in health care has shifted to a more mainstream position, largely due to biomedicalization. As a result, the KMD profession is now part of a private sector-led health system. In this paper, we examine the characteristics of KMD identity and its relationship to biomedicalization.
Traditional Korean medicine 한의원
Traditional Korean medicine is a very ancient form of medicine that has been around for centuries. It is based on Eastern philosophy and developed through the trade of medicine between China and Korea. It views the human body as a miniature universe and uses the five element theory to explain its functions. This philosophy promotes holistic health care and treats illness holistically.
While many doctors in the field of TKM specialize in specific fields, they all use the same holistic approach to the treatment of patients. Traditional Korean medicine is effective in treating a wide variety of health problems and can be a viable option for people suffering from a variety of conditions. The philosophy of eastern medicine considers the human body as a micro universe within a macro universe. This philosophy is based on the Yin and Yang principle and views health as a balance between the complementary forces.
Before the introduction of modern Western medicine, Korean traditional herbalists were dispersed around rural areas. They prepared herbal medicines following formulas handed down through oral tradition and important Joseon era medical texts. These texts include the Donguibogam, an encyclopedia of medical knowledge compiled by physician Heo Jun. It consists of detailed descriptions of treatments for illnesses and conditions. Moreover, traditional herbalists used everyday tools and natural herbs for their treatments.
Traditional Korean medicine has been used for thousands of years to treat illness and injury. It is an ancient form of alternative medicine that is part of the culture and is increasingly popular among the elderly. As the elderly population grows in Korea, the number of people with dementia and ageing increases. Traditional medicine can provide solutions for this growing problem.
While the traditional wisdom behind TKM is rooted in years of experience, recent scientific studies have bolstered its effectiveness. These studies have revealed that some of these herbal formulations improve memory.
Its roots in the Goryeo dynasty
Throughout the centuries, Korean medicine has been influenced by foreign and native medicines. Ancient Chinese medicine, for example, was a major influence. However, Korean medicine also benefited from extensive research into domestic herbs. The Goryeo dynasty also adopted the principles of Unified Silla period medicine. The result is a body of medical knowledge that dates back to the thirteenth century.
The Goryeo dynasty also gave rise to the famous celadon pottery. The Goryeo dynaststy also developed an effective education system, establishing the Gukjagam as the national higher education institution and several hyanggyo (private schools). Buddhism was a major force in society, and later the Goryeo dynasts were more accepting of other religions.
The Goryeo dynasty was also a prosperous period for trade. In addition to importing gemstones, the dynasty exported silk, cotton, and medicinal herbs to other parts of Asia. This period is also credited with the origins of Korean medicine. However, it is unknown whether or not the dynasty had any direct influence on the development of this practice.
Despite the differences between KM and Western medicine, there was a growing number of high-grade students applying to medical colleges. However, as these young students began to criticise the government’s policies, many campaigns against the government were launched. These campaigns included boycotts of lectures and student-led street assemblies.
The traditional Korean medicine was originally developed to treat the diseases and ailments of Korean people. However, it has spread to the other parts of the world. Today, there are two types of medical doctors in Korea: traditional Korean medicine doctors and Western medicine doctors. Korean medicine is often reduced to a variant of TCM, but it is an entirely separate tradition.
The southern and southwestern coasts of Korea have well-developed coastal regions. These areas are characterized by mild seas that are safe for navigation. This climate is also conducive to farming seaweed and fish.
Its compatibility with telemedicine
Telemedicine is a modern tool for remote care and treatment. The Korean Medical Association is especially unhappy with the government’s attempt to implement it. They have previously forced the Ministry of Health and Welfare to withdraw telemedicine policy plans, which resulted in a temporary shutdown of most hospitals in the country. The KM Association is not a political party but has considerable influence in the field of medicine.
The KM telemedicine center is one example of this technology. Patients enrolled in the program were assessed via voice call and prescribed herbal medicines. Telemedicine specialists assessed the COVID-19-related symptoms of patients, and followed guidelines for prescribing herbal medicine. This program was developed to fill a health care gap in the country.
In order to implement telemedicine in Korea, the government must engage in discussion among all the parties involved. Participation of medical specialists is crucial, as is agreement from the public. The study aims to gather data on the public’s perception of telemedicine and the views of patients and medical professionals. The research results will serve as a baseline for telemedicine development in South Korea.
KM doctors have also used telemedicine to help patients affected by COVID-19. Since 9 March, a telemedicine center for the COVID-19 virus in Daegu has treated 20 percent of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the country. This demonstrates that Korean medicine is compatible with telemedicine.
While many studies have analyzed the feasibility of telemedicine, many patients still prefer traditional hospitals and institutions. Telemedicine provides affordable health care to these patients. In addition, the research results show that patients are willing to recommend the telemedicine center to other people. In addition, the study also uncovered the challenges of implementing hospital information systems in Korea.