Tooth Enamel Repair

Tooth enamel is the hard, shiny outer layer that protects your teeth from damage and decay. It can be weakened by acids from sugary or acidic foods, carbonated drinks and chewing gums, medical problems such as bulimia and poor oral hygiene.

While your body cannot regenerate tooth enamel once it has been 강남치과 damaged, a natural process called remineralization can help strengthen and restore the existing enamel. This can be done by using preventive care strategies, such as the following.

Brushing and Flossing

Brushing twice a day with a fluoridated toothpaste is an essential part of good oral care, along with flossing. These routines help to remove plaque buildup, a sticky biofilm of bacteria that clings stubbornly to the teeth and produces acids that damage tooth enamel. Flossing helps to reach the tight spaces between and underneath the gums, where destructive bacteria hide. Using a mouthwash that fights enamel erosion and visiting your dentist for regular cleanings will also boost the effectiveness of these daily preventative strategies.

The human body is a remarkable thing: broken skin heals, cut nails grow back, fractured bones knit together. But while the body can repair damaged tissue, it cannot regrow tooth enamel that’s been worn away by bacteria, physical damage or natural aging. Once enamel is lost, it’s gone forever. To preserve the enamel you have, focus on a healthy diet and good oral care habits. This will help to reduce the risk of abrasion and erosion that could lead to enamel repairs and eventual dental problems. The best sources of calcium to support tooth enamel include meat, fish, dairy products and green leafy vegetables. Phosphorus is another key nutrient that promotes enamel strength and is found in nuts, beans, and bananas.

Fluoride

Many toothpastes and mouthwashes claim to heal weakened enamel. They do so by a process known as remineralization, which introduces minerals into the teeth that help them resist decay. Products containing calcium phosphate or stannous fluoride are most effective at remineralizing weakened tooth surfaces before the damage becomes too serious, but even these products cannot reverse a cavity that has already formed.

Erosion of tooth enamel can happen from a variety of sources, including eating too many sugary foods and drinks, chronic acid reflux (GERD), and certain medications. Once the enamel is eroded, it is no longer protecting the inner dentin, which can lead to tooth decay and sensitivity.

Tooth enamel can also be damaged by dental procedures, such as root canals and crowns. Fortunately, most tooth enamel damage can be repaired by one of the following methods:

Dental Bonding

Dental bonding is a simple treatment that can correct a range of cosmetic concerns. It’s an excellent option for tooth discoloration that doesn’t respond to other teeth whitening treatments and can also be used to minimize the appearance of gaps between teeth.

To perform dental bonding, your dentist begins by evaluating your oral health. They will take X-rays and examine your teeth and gums to ensure that the procedure is appropriate for you. In addition to ensuring your teeth are healthy, they will also need to ensure that you have sufficient enamel to support the bonding material.

Before applying the composite resin, your dentist roughens the surface of the tooth and applies a conditioning liquid to help the bonding material adhere to the tooth. Once the dentist has applied the resin they can shape and mold it to achieve the desired cosmetic results. Once complete, they will cure it with a special curing light.

Bonded teeth should be treated with the same care as natural teeth, including routine brushing and flossing. Patients with bonded teeth should avoid eating foods and drinking beverages that can stain or discolor the bonding material.

Veneers

Veneers are thin, tooth-colored shells that are bonded to the front of your teeth. They can be used for a variety of cosmetic problems, such as repairing chipped teeth, closing gaps, or making small teeth look larger. The procedure is relatively quick and painless. However, it does require a small amount of enamel to be shaved away, which isn’t reversible.

If you have worn down the enamel of your teeth because of heavy tooth gnashing, veneers can help protect them from further damage. Cosmetic dentists will evaluate the condition of your teeth and speak with you about your goals. They can also recommend other treatments if they are better suited to your situation.

There are several different types of veneers available, but porcelain is typically the most durable and natural-looking option. Your dentist can match the color of your existing teeth, and they will usually bond the veneers in layers so that they blend in well with your natural tooth enamel. However, the edges of your veneers may be more susceptible to staining than the surface of your natural teeth.

Crowns

Crowns (sometimes called caps) are artificial restorations that cover a damaged tooth, providing support and protection. When properly cared for, crowns can last for a decade or more.

Teeth can suffer damage from a variety of factors, including a lack of proper dental care, teeth grinding and the foods and drinks you consume. These factors can lead to tooth enamel erosion which is easy to spot because of sensitivity to hot or cold food and drink, discoloration and increased cracks and chips.

Dental cement is used to secure a crown in place over a damaged tooth, allowing your teeth to return to their normal function. The types of crowns your dentist uses will vary, but can include porcelain fused to metal, resin, glass ionomer and metallic alloys such as gold or platinum. The best choice for a tooth enamel repair is an all porcelain crown that allows light to pass through it, mimicking the look of natural enamel. Thanks to innovative computer technology, our office can make and place these crowns in a single visit while you wait, avoiding the time, expense and inconvenience of multiple visits for dental treatment.